Asia LEDS Forum takes on strategies, opportunities, and challenges on NDC implementation in Asia
The Asia LEDS Forum 2017 drew on a successful close as it held its last day on December 6, 2017 at Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam. The two-day forum, with the theme, Catalyzing Support for NDC Implementation in Asia, showcased a multitude of tools, methodologies, implementation frameworks, and success stories from the region. Recognizing the importance of the implementation and monitoring of NDCs in Asia, ALP 2017 created a platform for the participants to share knowledge, learning, solutions, and resources that they have proven effective in their respective contexts. Read more
Plenary Sessions: Summary and Highlights
Putting the spotlight on Asia: Success stories on financing green growth and low emission development
The first plenary session of the second day focused on the successful approaches to financing green, low emission urban development as well as policy models applied in green urban development projects in Asia. Kinlay Dorjee, Mayor of Thimpu Bhutan shared his city’s journey towards being a smart and eco-friendly city. Nanda Jickhar, Mayor of Nagpur, India told a story about Nagpur being an emerging health and education hub as it develops into a smart city. The first model solar city in India, Nagpur is building its reputation as a city that focuses on smart environment, smart living, smart mobility, and smart governance. Read more
Talking about the Purse: NDC Finance, Opportunities, Challenges, and Way Forward
Financing is always a key issue for implementation. The second plenary session for the day delved into synthesizing key findings from the Energy Finance track of the workshop and facilitated feedback from the LEDS GP membership on key challenges and priorities for engagement in 2018. Alexia Kelly, Co-Chair of LEDS GP Finance Working Group discussed the importance of private sector investment in low-emission development while Jan Pavlik of GIZ discussed the development of GCF country profile in Vietnam. Read more
Ending Strong, Sending the Right Messages
To synthesize the past two days, the four working groups of LEDS Global Partnership namely energy, transport, finance, and sub-national integration shared their main takeaways. A feedback session was also conducted to enable the country representatives provided feedback on their LEDS priority areas in order to further shape the work planning and service delivery of LEDS GP. As a nod to the role that cities and regions play in advancing climate action, ICLEI Secretary General Gino van Begin recognized the immense potential of local governments working hand in hand with the national government to create more ambitious targets. Read more
Parallel Session C: Tools to Plan for Low Emission Development
This section discussed success stories on urban planning for low emissions development and tools in tracking progress towards NDCs and LEDs and NDC Energy Planning.
Key takeaways are:
Parallel Session D: Low Emission Development Initiatives with Potential for Scale Up
This section discussed the 2050 greenhouse gas emission pathways, national urban mobility programme, and adaptation in the Mekong Delta. Key takeaways are:
National Urban Mobility Programme
‘National Urban Mobility Programme’ session focused on enhancing capabilities for decision makers to implement subnational urban mobility projects within the national policy and regulatory framework.
Dr. Mettke, GIZ urged that the national governments should provide policy, financing, technical and regulatory guidance while the local level implements policies, infrastructure, projects and mobilizes local funding.
Mr. Escalante presented the National Urban Mobility Plans of Brazil. Ministry of Cities had developed a guideline to help Cities in the mobility plans. He informed that many cities have mobility plans but lack proper infrastructure, comprehensive guidelines, lack of capacity in public and private sector remains as challenges.
Ms. Enriquez of the WRI emphasized the need for a framework to coordinate national and subnational mobility efforts. Urban transport is a priority in the region and there is strong interest in improved technologies for transport.
Presenters discussed that the national government’s support is crucial for implementing local action mobility plans and should provide strategic guidance in policy, regulation, institutional framework and funding access. Thus it is important to understand the challenges that are faced at the local level to transform the transport sector.
Tools and resources: LEDS and NDC Energy Planning
An energy session was organized which specifically focused on energy toolkit and several leading tools for NDC and energy-sector planning. Mr. Ochs described the characteristics of LEDS energy toolkit 2.0 and briefed about various energy toolkits that could be used by local governments.
Ms. Jennifer Leisch, USAID presented on Renewable Energy Data Explorer (RED-E) tool which is a geospatial analytical tool and that enables data-driven clean energy decisions including goal setting, policy making, and grid integration.
Ms. Usha Rao, UNDP presented on De-risking Renewable Energy Investment Framework (DREI) tool which helps to analyse the cost of technologies in different scenarios, analyse critical risk factors and policy or financial instruments to overcome it and GHG emission reductions.
Mr. Nikhil Kolsepatil, ICLEI who presented the case study of Melaka, Malaysia stressed the need for holistic approach considering electrical, structural and other elements during of energy efficient implementation.
NDC Finance: Opportunities, Challenges, and the Path Forward
Along with NDC finance, the session focussed on the launch of two Communities of Practices. Mr. Jan Pavlik, CF ready highlighted that GCF generally finances large investment projects and it is to be noted that mitigation projects funded by GCF are co-financed by at least 50% from other sources. The knowledge on GCF among private sectors is low and there is a need to popularize and engage private sectors in GCF proposals.
Ms. Alexia Kelly, Electric Capital Management, noted that private sector is looking forward to being involved in LEDs as they are not only concerned about profit but also to create a positive impact. “Attracting the private sector into NDC finance requires returns that are adjusted risk,” she added.
Two Communities of Practices (CoP) belonging to the Energy and Finance working groups were launched at the Forum viz., Clean Energy Finance and Grid Renewable Energy. Recently ALP rolled out the Expression of Interest (EoI) for Grid Renewable Energy (GRE) Community of Practice (CoP) for participation from relevant stakeholders. For more information on GRE CoP click here.